Cultivated Land

Spatial Pattern

Less than


of world’s total surface area raises 7 billion population.

Global cultivated land area in 2010 is 19.39 million square kilometer, accounting for 14.30% of surface area. The cultivated land area in the Northern Hemisphere is far more than it in the Southern Hemisphere. Likewise, the Eastern Hemisphere has more cultivated land area than the Western Hemisphere.

Cultivated Land

Spatial Pattern

In 2010, the countries whose cultivated land area ranks Top 10 are as follows: China, the United States, India, Russia, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.

In 2010, global per capita cultivated land area is 0.28 ha/person. And the Top 10 countries are as follows: Russia, Belarus, Uruguay, Paraguay, Lithuania, Latvia, Canada, Argentina, Australia and Kazakhstan.

Cultivated Land

Spatial-Temporal Change

Global cultivated land area increases 0.42 million square kilometers from 2000 to 2010, which shows the growth rate is


The change of global cultivated land has obvious regional difference. To be specific, the Southern Hemisphere is more prominent than the Northern Hemisphere. And cultivated land changes greatest in Africa.

The change of cultivated land varies conspicuously from country to country. Over the decade, cultivated land area increases most in Brazil which accounts for 27.3% of global cultivated land area increment. Among the countries whose cultivated land area ranks Top 10, China is the only country that cultivated land area decreases.

Cultivated Land

Utilization Degree

Over the decade, the Cultivation Index of most countries increases especially Africa and South America. It reflects that the degree of global cultivated land utilization promotes continuously.

Over the decade, the Multiple Cropping Index of countries in Asia, Africa and South America increase, while the multiple cropping index of countries in North America, Oceania and Eastern Europe decrease.

Cultivated Land

The Cultivated Land of The Belt and Road

The cultivated land of "The Belt and Road" concentrates on East Asian China, South Asian India, Central and East Europe.

Over the decade, the cultivated land change of "The Belt and Road" is as follows the cultivated land in some countries increase evidently such as Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Turkmenistan, Bhutan, Brunei and Laos, while some decrease evidently like Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Yemen and Bangladesh.